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|Title: ||Exposure assessment of a cyclist to PM10 and ultrafine particles|
|Authors: ||Berghmans, P.|
Int Panis, L.
Mishra, V. K.
Van Poppel, M.
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Citation: ||SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 407 (4), p. 1286-1298|
|Abstract: ||Estimating personal exposure to air pollution is a crucial component in identifying high-risk populations and situations. It will enable policy makers to determine efficient control strategies. Cycling is again becoming a favorite mode of transport both in developing and in developed countries due to increasing traffic congestion and environmental concerns. in Europe, it is also seen as a healthy sports activity. However, due to high levels of hazardous pollutants in the present day road microenvironment the cyclist might be at a higher health risk due to higher breathing rate and proximity to the vehicular exhaust. In this paper we present estimates of the exposure of a cyclist to particles of various size fractions including ultrafine particles (UFP) in the town of Mol (Flanders, Belgium). The results indicate relatively higher UFP concentration exposure during morning office hours and moderate UFP levels during afternoon. The major sources of UFP and PM10 were identified, which are vehicular emission and construction activities, respectively. We also present a dust mapping technique which can be a useful tool for town planners and local policy makers. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Notes: ||[Berghmans, P.; Bleux, N.; Panis, L. Int; Mishra, V. K.; Torfs, R.; Van Poppel, M.] Vlaamse Instelling Technol Onderzoek, Flemish Inst Technol Res Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium. [Mishra, V. K.] Univ Antwerp, Dept Biosci Engn, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.|
|ISI #: ||000262573200005|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Appears in Collections: ||Transportation Behaviour|
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